My previous post was on the solutions with explanations for Cambridge IELTS 7 Test 1 Reading Passage 2. Today, in this post we are going to discuss Test 1 Reading Passage 3 of Cambridge 7. All these solutions are provided with detailed explanations for your clear understanding if you have any problems.
Solutions with explanations to Reading Test 1 Section 3 : Cambridge 7
Questions 27-30: Multiple choice questions (You have to choose one option out of four and write the correct letter on the answer sheet.)
- The book Educating Psyche is mainly concerned with ANSWER: D
(The probable answer that has the closest connection to the question is D. Look at the very first line of the passage, Lozanov’s methods are radical new approaches to learning. Paragraph 3 line 4 also indicates that In suggestopedia, as he called his method, consciousness is shifted away from the curriculum . . .This means that Lozanov’s method is not curriculum based = not traditional.)
So, the answer is D: ways of learning which are not traditional.
Keywords for the answer: Educating Psyche, mainly
- Lozanov’s theory claims that, when we try to remember things, ANSWER: A
(Take a look at paragraph 2, the writer states :“Lozanov’s instructional technique is based on the evidence that the connections made in the brain through unconscious processing are more durable than those made through conscious processing.”
Then he maintains to elucidate more about the theory “ …we know from our experience that we often remember what we have perceived peripherally, long after we have forgotten what we set out to learn.”)
So, the answer is A: unimportant details are easiest to recall.
Keywords for the answer: Lozanov’s theory, remember
- In this passage, the author uses the examples of a book and a lecture to illustrate that ANSWER: B
(In line 8 of paragraph 2 the writer states: “If we think of a book we studied months or years ago, we find it easier to recall peripheral details…than the content on which we were concentrating. If we think of a lecture we listened to with great concentration,we will recall the lecturer’s appearance and mannerism…much more easily than the ideas we went to learn.”
These examples provided by the writer indicate that we remember insignificant things more easily than we remember things we aim to learn. This supports Lozanov’s theory. Therefore, these examples agrees with the idea that his theory is valid.)
So the answer is B: His theory about methods of learning is valid
Keywords for the answer: examples, book, lecture
- Lozanov claims that teachers should train students to ANSWER: C
(In line 3 of paragraph 3, the writer maintains: “Lozanov, therefore, made indirect instruction (suggestion) central to his teaching system. In suggestopedia, as he called his method, consciousness is shifted away from the curriculum to focus on something peripheral. The curriculum then become peripheral and is dealt with by the reserve capacity of the brain.”
These lines indicate that he suggests making the curriculum unimportant by focusing on something else, in order to bear in mind the curriculum better.)
So, the most appropriate answer is C: Think about something other than the curriculum content.
Keywords for the answer: Lozanov, teacher, train,students
Questions 31-36: TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN (You have to write whether the statements TRUE, FALSE or there is no information in the passage about it.)
- In the examples of suggestopedic teaching in the fourth paragraph, the only variable that changes is the music. ANSWER: FALSE
(In the paragraph 4, the writer states: “… In the first part, the music is classical and the teacher reads the text slowly and solemnly, with attention to the dynamic of the music”. “In the second part, they listen to baroque music while the teacher reads the text in a normal speaking voice.”
Moreover, the paragraph also informs us that in the initial part, students “follow the text in their books..” but in the second part “they have their books closed“.
So, music is not the only variable, two other variables are also there.)
- Prior to the suggestopedia class, students are made aware that the language experience will be demanding.
(In paragraph 5, the author states: “Beforehand, the students have been carefully prepared for the language learning experience. Through meeting with the staff and satisfied students they develop the expectation that learning will be easy and pleasant…” Here, the word Beforehand matches with Prior to.
The lines indicate that the students believe that the language experience will not require much effort or will not be so demanding. )
- In the follow-up class, the teaching activities are similar to those used in conventional classes.
(In paragraph 6, the writer states: “There is a follow-up class at which the students are stimulated to recall the material presented. The students… focus on using the language to communicate (e.g. through games or improvised dramatisations). Such methods are not unusual in language teaching.”
Here the phrases of the lines matches with the question’s. teaching activities means methods, similar to means not unusual.)
- As an indirect benefit, students notice improvements in their memory. ANSWER: NOT GIVEN
(Information speaking about the “benefit” of the method for students only originates in paragraph 6.
However, the writer only states that the students can learn more words: “…students can regularly learn 1000 new words of a foreign language during a suggestopedic session.” But, we find nothing here about any benefit to the memory of students.)
- Teachers say they prefer suggestopedia to traditional approaches to language teaching. ANSWER: NOT GIVEN
(Only Paragraph 6 and the last paragraph inform us about suggestopedia and traditional approaches. However, in paragraph 6 we find out only the job of the teacher in the suggestopedia approach. In the final paragraph, we learn that “…few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanov..” There is no clear reference to exact approach or method of the teacher.)
- Students in a suggestopedia class retain more new vocabulary than those in ordinary classes. ANSWER: TRUE
(The last sentence of Paragraph 6 says: “Another difference from conventional teaching is the evidence that students can regularly learn 1000 new words of a foreign language during a suggestopedic session, as well as grammar and idiom.” Therefore, the writer implies that this total of 1000 words is more than they would learn in an ordinary class.
It’s a clear match, So, the answer is true)
Questions 37-40: Summary completion (You have to write the correct letters in the gaps rather than writing the answers. If you write the words, your answer will be taken as incorrect.)
- F (ritual)
- H (placebo)
(The answers are in Paragraph 7, line 5. “Lozanov acknowledges that the ritual surrounding suggestion in his own system is also a placebo, but maintains that without such a placebo people are unable or afraid to tap the reserve capacity of their brain. Like any placebo, it must be dispensed with authority to be effective.”)
- K (well-known)
- G (unspectacular)
(The answers are in Paragraph 8. This last paragraph starts with ” While suggestopedia has gained some notoriety through success in the teaching of modern languages, few teachers are able to emulate the spectacular results of Lozanov and his associates.“
Here, the author explains to us that even though Lozanov’s method is successful, the results obtain by most of the teachers using his system have not been very good/spectacular. Here we need 2 adjectives, one to describe Lozanov’s “method”, and the other for “the results.”
Here, gain notoriety means become well known)