This IELTS Reading post deals with a total solution package for IELTS Cambridge 13 Reading test 2 Passage 1. The title of the passage is Bringing cinnamon to Europe. This is a post on request from IELTS candidates who have major difficulties in finding and understanding Reading Answers. This post can guide you the best to understand every Reading answer easily and without much difficulty. Finding IELTS Reading answers is a step-by-step process and I hope this post can help you in this respect.
IELTS Cambridge 13 Test 2: AC Reading Module
Reading Passage 1:
The headline of the passage: Bringing cinnamon to Europe
Questions 1-7 (Completing notes with ONE WORD ONLY):
In this type of question, candidates are asked to write only one word to complete a note on the given topic. For this type of question, first, skim the passage to find the keywords in the paragraph concerned with the answer, and then scan to find the exact word.
[TIPS: Here scanning technique will come in handy. Target the keywords of the questions to find the answers. Remember to focus on Proper nouns, random Capital letters, numbers, special characters of text etc.]
Question 1: added to ______
Keywords for these answers: Biblical times, added
We can easily find the answer to this question in lines 2-4 in paragraph no. 1. Here, the author of the passage states, “ ….. It was known in biblical times, and is mentioned in several books of the Bible, both as an ingredient that was mixed with oils for anointing people’s bodies . .. .”
*mixed with = added to
So, it is clear from the lines that in the biblical times cinnamon was added to oils.
So, the answer is: oils
Question 2: used to show _________ between people.
Keywords for this answer: used, show, between people
The answer to this question is in line 4 of paragraph no. 1. “…. . .people’s bodies and also as a token indicating friendship among lovers and friends.”
*token indicating = show, lovers and friends = people
So, the answer is: friendship
Question 3: used for its sweet smell at __________.
Keywords for this answer: Ancient Rome, used, sweet smell
The answer can be found in paragraph 1, lines 5-6. The lines say, “In ancient Rome, mourners attending funerals burnt cinnamon to create a pleasant scent.”
*pleasant scent = sweet smell
This means cinnamon was burnt at funerals for creating a sweet smell.
So, the answer is: funerals
Question 4: was an indication of a person’s ________.
Keywords for this answer: Middle ages, food, meat, indication, person’s
We find the keywords Middle Ages, food, meat, etc. in lines 7-8 of paragraph no. 1. So, we continue reading from here. In lines 8-9, the author mentions, “… . . At a banquet, a host would offer guests a plate with spices piled upon it as a sign of the wealth at his or her disposal.”
*sign = indication
So, the answer is: wealth
Question 5: known as a treatment for __________ and other health problems.
Keywords for these answers: treatment, other health problems
The last lines of paragraph 1 have the answer to this question. Here, in lines 11-12, the author states, “.. . .. Cinnamon was also reported to have health benefits, and was thought to cure various ailments, such as indigestion.”
*cure = treatment, various ailments = other health problems
So, the answer is: indigestion
Question 6: grown in _______.
Keywords for this answer: Middle ages, grown
We can see another reference to the Middle ages in paragraph 2. So, we need to look carefully here for the word ‘grown’ or any similar words close to ‘grown’. In line 6 of paragraph no. 2, the writer says, “They took it from India, where it was grown, . . ..”
So, the answer is: India
Question 7: merchants used ________ to bring it to the Mediterranean
Keywords for this answer: merchants, bring, Mediterranean
In paragraph no. 2 line 6, the author mentions the word merchants in line 3, “ .. . . At that time, cinnamon was transported by Arab merchants, who closely guarded the secret of the source of the spice from potential rivals.” The next line has the answer. “. .. . They took it from India, where it was grown, on camels via an overland route to the Mediterranean.”. As we find the mention of the word Mediterranean, we can understand that they used camels to bring cinnamon to the Mediterranean.
So, the answer is: camels
Question 8: arrived in the Mediterranean at ________.
Keywords for this answer: arrived in, Mediterranean
The question has a preposition ‘at’ after the word Mediterranean. This means cinnamon arrived at a fixed place which is located in the Mediterranean region. In line 6 of paragraph no. 2, the author writes, “… .. to the Mediterranean. Their journey ended when they reached Alexandria.”
So, the answer is: Alexandria
Question 9: traders took it to ______ and sold it to destinations around Europe.
Keywords for this answer: traders, took, sold, destinations, Europe
The word ‘European’ and ‘traders’ are found in lines 6 and 7 of paragraph no. 2. Here, the author says, “… … European traders sailed there to purchase their supply of cinnamon, then brought it back to Venice. The spice then traveled from that great trading city to markets all around Europe.” This means the traders took cinnamon to Venice and then sold it all around Europe.
So, the answer is: Venice
Questions 10-13 (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN):
In this type of question, candidates are asked to find out whether:
The statement in the question matches with the account in the text- TRUE
The statement in the question contradicts the account in the text- FALSE
There is no clear connection of the statement with the account in the text- NOT GIVEN
For this type of question, you can divide each statement into three independent pieces and make your way through with the answer.
Question 10: The Portuguese had control over the cinnamon trade in Ceylon throughout the 16th century.
Keywords for these answers: Portuguese, control, Ceylon, 16th century
In paragraph no. 3, line 1, we find about the Portuguese. In the very next line, we can also see the word Ceylon. But candidates shouldn’t make mistakes and start reading the whole paragraph because you won’t find the reference of the 16th century here.
All these keywords – Portuguese, Ceylon, 16th century – can be found together at the very end of paragraph no. 3. Go straight there and read the last few lines.
In lines 10-12, the author says, “In 1518, the Portuguese built a fort on Ceylon, which enabled them to protect the island, so helping them to develop a monopoly in the cinnamon trade and generate very high profits. In the late 16th century, for example, they enjoyed a tenfold profit. … .”
These lines directly indicate that the Portuguese built the fort in Ceylon to take complete control of the cinnamon business, and by the 16th century, they got ten times more profit from it.
So, the answer is: TRUE
Question 11: The Dutch took over the cinnamon trade from the Portuguese as soon as they arrived in Ceylon.
Keywords for this answer: The Dutch, cinnamon trade, the Portuguese, as soon as, arrived
We can see the phrase ‘the Dutch’ in line 1 of paragraph no. 4. So, we need to find the information here.
The Dutch, as mentioned in the paragraph, arrived in Ceylon ‘at the very beginning of the 17th century’. In lines 5-6, the writer says, “. .. .. . By 1640, the Dutch broke the 150-year Portuguese monopoly when they overran and occupied their factories.” Therefore, we can understand that it took the Dutch about 40 long years to take control of the Portuguese monopoly of cinnamon.
So, the answer is: FALSE
Question 12: The trees planted by the Dutch produced larger quantities of cinnamon than the wild trees.
Keywords for this answer: trees, the Dutch, larger quantities, wild trees
In paragraph no. 5, we can see the reference to cinnamon trees and wild trees.
In the question, there is a comparison between local cinnamon trees and wild cinnamon trees on the quantities produced by trees planted by the Dutch and the wild trees. The final lines say, “… .. Eventually, the Dutch began cultivating their own cinnamon trees to supplement the diminishing number of wild trees available for use.” But this doesn’t confirm for us of the quantity of cinnamon produced by the trees planted by the Dutch or wild species of cinnamon trees.
So the answer is: NOT GIVEN
Question 13: The spice trade maintained its economic importance during the 19th century.
Keywords for this answer: spice trade, maintained, economic importance, 19th century
The final paragraph or paragraph no. 6 has the answer to this question. In the second line, we find a reference to the 19th century. So, we should read the line. Here, the writer says, “…. By the middle of the 19th century, production of cinnamon reached 1000 tons a year, after a lower grade quality of the spice became acceptable to European tastes.” It seems the answer may be TRUE. But if you read further in lines 6-7, you will find a contrasting picture. “.. .. Not only was a monopoly of cinnamon becoming impossible, but also the spice trade overall was diminishing in economic potential. .. .. . .” This means cinnamon trade could not maintain economic importance during the 19th century.
So the answer is: FALSE
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