This General Training IELTS Reading post focuses on solutions to IELTS Cambridge 15 Reading Test 4 Section 3 that has a passage titled ‘Animals can tell right from wrong’. This is a targeted post for GT IELTS candidates who have big problems finding out and understanding Reading Answers in the GT module. This post can guide you the best to understand every Reading answer without much trouble. Finding out IELTS Reading answers is a steady process, and this post will assist you in this respect.
IELTS Cambridge 15 Test 4: GT Reading Module
The headline of the passage: Animals can tell right from wrong
Questions 28-34: Summary completion:
[In this kind of question candidates are given a summary for one, two, or three paragraphs with some fill in the blanks questions. Candidates need to find out the related paragraphs by correctly studying the keywords from the questions. Then, they should follow the steps of finding answers to fill in the gaps.]
Title of the summary: Complex social behaviour in wolf packs
Question 28: Wolves live in packs and it is clear that there are a number of _______ concerning their behaviour.
Keywords for this question: wolves, live in packs, clear, a number of, concerning, their behaviour,
The answer can be found in lines 1-2 of paragraph no. 4. Here, the writer says, “Wolves live in tight-knit social groups that are regulated by strict rules. . … ..”
Here, tight-knit social groups = packs,
Here, the phrase in the question ‘a number of’ indicates to ‘something plural’.
So, the answer is: rules
Question 29: Some observers believe they exhibit a sense of ________ . The stronger, more senior wolves seem to adopt the roles of the junior wolves when they are playing together.
Keywords for this question: some observers, believe, exhibit, sense of, stronger, more senior wolves, seem to adopt, roles, junior wolves, when, playing together,
In paragraph no. 4, lines 2-4 say, “ . .. . . Wolves also demonstrate fairness. During play, dominant wolves will appear to exchange roles with lower-ranking wolves. .. .
Here, demonstrate = exhibit, dominant wolves = The stronger, more senior wolves, exchange roles = adopt the roles, lower-ranking wolves = junior wolves,
So, the answer is: fairness
Questions 30 & 31: They act as if they are 30. _________ to the juniors and even permit some gentle 31. ________.
Keywords for this question: they act, as if, to the juniors, even, permit, some gentle,
In paragraph no. 4, lines 5-7 state, “ . .. .. They pretend to be submissive and go so far as to allow biting by the lower-ranking wolves, provided that it is not too hard. .. ..”
Here, They pretend to be = They act as if they are, allow = permit, lower-ranking wolves = juniors, it is not too hard = gentle,
So, the answers are:
Question 32: What is even more surprising is that when one of the juniors gets too forceful, it bends down begging for _______. Only when that has been granted will the wolves continue playing.
Keywords for this question: more surprising, when, one of the juniors, gets too forceful, bends down, begging for,
In lines 10-12 of paragraph no. 4, the author of the text mentions, “ . .. .. Astonishingly, if an animal becomes aggressive, it will perform a ‘play bow’ to ask forgiveness before play resumes.”
Here, Astonishingly = What is even more surprising, when one of the juniors gets too forceful = if an animal becomes aggressive, play bow = bends down, begging for = ask, before play resumes = Only when that has been granted will the wolves continue playing,
So, the answer is: forgiveness
Questions 33-37: Matching places/names from list of descriptions:
[The rules for finding answers to this sort of question are simple. Just find the name of the names/places, read around it carefully and try to match with the given list of descriptions. Then, give a quick look to check whether there is another statement or idea provided by the same person in the text. If there is, check the reference carefully and decide your answer. Remember, the questions will not follow any sequential order. Do the reverse method when the statements are in questions]
Question 33: coyotes
Keywords for this question: coyotes,
In paragraph no.5, lines 2-5 say, “ . . . Among coyotes, cubs which are too aggressive are ignored by the rest of the group and often end up having to leave entirely. . . .”
Here, too aggressive = do not obey the moral code, end up having to leave entirely = may be driven away by their peers,
So, the answer is: E (may be driven away by their peers if they do not obey the moral code.)
Question 34: domestic dogs
Keywords for this question: domestic dogs,
Again, in paragraph no. 5, lines 5-8 say, “ . . . Experiments with domestic dogs, where one animal was given some ‘sweets’ and another wasn’t, have shown that they possess a sense of fairness as they allowed their companion to eat some.”
Here, sweets = treats, they allowed their companion to eat some = share treats with a peer,
So, the answer is: C (sometimes share treats with a peer.)
Question 35: elephants
Keywords for this question: elephants,
The answer can be found in paragraph no. 6, as we find the mention of ‘elephants’ here. In this paragraph, lines 7-12state, “ . .. . In 2003, a herd of 11 elephants rescued antelopes which were being held inside an enclosure in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. . .. .”
Here, a herd of 11 elephants = elephants, rescued = help, antelopes = a different type of animal, being held inside an enclosure = in difficulty,
So, the answer is: G (may help a different type of animal which is in difficulty.)
Question 36: Diana monkeys
Keywords for this question: Diana monkeys,
The answer lies in the beginning of paragraph no. 7 as the writer says here, “A laboratory experiment involved training Diana monkeys to insert a token into a slot to obtain food. A male who had become skilled at the task was found to be helping the oldest female, who had not learned how to do it. .. ..”
Here, helping the oldest female = assist a peer, who had not learned how to do it = failing to complete a task,
So, the answer is: D (may assist a peer who is failing to complete a task.)
Question 37: rats
Keywords for this question: rats,
The answer lies in paragraph no. 9, as the writer explains in the beginning, “Experiments with rats have shown that they will not take food if they know their actions will cause pain to another rat. .. . .”
Here, they will not take food = unwilling to benefit from something, cause pain to another rat = hurts their peers,
So, the answer is: F (seem unwilling to benefit from something that hurts their peers.)
Questions 38-40: Multiple choice questions
[This type of question asks you to choose a suitable answer from the options using the knowledge you gained from the passage. Generally, this question is set found as the last question set in most passages so you should not worry much about it. Finding all the answers to previous questions gives you a good idea about these questions.]
Question 38: What view is expressed by Professor de Waal?
Keywords for this question: view, professor de Waal,
The answer is found in lines 12-15 of paragraph no. 3, “Professor Frans de Waal, who examines . .. . . . . . . .. .. . . .. . . Human morality was not formed from scratch, but grew out of our primate psychology. Primate psychology has ancient roots, and I agree that other animals show many of the same tendencies and have an intense sociality.”
Here, Human morality = human moral beliefs, grew out = developed, Primate psychology has ancient roots = animal ancestors,
So, the answer is: C (Some human moral beliefs developed from our animal ancestors.)
Question 39: Why does Professor Bekoff mention the experiment on Diana monkeys?
Keywords for this question: why, Professor Bekoff, mention, experiment on Diana monkeys,
The mention of Diana monkeys is found in paragraph no. 7. Here, lines 8-11 say, “ .. . . As there was no benefit for the male monkey, Professor Bekoff argues that this is a clear example of an animal’s actions being driven by some internal moral compass.”
Here, that this is a clear example of an animal’s actions being driven by some internal moral compass indicates that animals’ actions is influenced by moral range that resides inside them (a point that the professor wants to make).
So, the answer is: D (It illustrates a point he wants to make about monkeys and other creatures.)
Question 40: What does the writer find most surprising about chimpanzees?
Keywords for this question: find, most surprising, chimpanzees,
In paragraph no. 8, the writer mentions in lines 5-12, “ . . .. A chimpanzee known as Knuckles is the only known captive chimpanzee to suffer from cerebral palsy, which leaves him physically and mentally impaired. What is extraordinary is that scientists have observed other chimpanzees interacting with him differently and he is rarely subjected to intimidating displays of aggression from older males. . .. ..”
Here, What is extraordinary = most surprising, chimpanzee to suffer from cerebral palsy = disabled peers, he is rarely subjected to intimidating displays of aggression from older males = treat disabled peers with consideration,
So, the answer is: B (They appear to treat disabled peers with consideration.)