In IELTS Reading, the short-answer question is a very common question and it is one of those questions where you can easily save enough time. Time-saving in IELTS Reading can make a magic difference in your expected score. This post will focus on this question and show you some of the best techniques which you can apply to this question-type and get benefited.
A short-answer question is a conditional question, which is generally given as a singular open question or as fill-in-the-blanks. In this type of question, you are given questions containing a special condition that you need to follow to write the answer. The conditions may be:
Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS Or, Write ONE WORD ONLY Or, Write TWO WORDS AND/ OR A NUMBER Or, Write A NUMBER ONLY.
So, you must maintain the condition as it is in the question. If you fail to do so, your answer will be taken as WRONG ANSWER and you will be penalized. To explain, if you are given the condition of writing ONE WORD ONLY, you must write one word; you cannot write two or three words for this answer.
We should take a look at some questions of this type.
In your CAMBRIDGE 10, READING TEST 1, please open on page 19. Here, you will find questions 6-8 which are short-answer questions. As you can see, there is a condition for you to answer these questions. The condition is Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer. So, you must follow this instruction.
Here is the first question.
6. Which part of some step-wells provided shade for people?
If you scan this question, you will find some important keywords/ phrases which will surely guide you to the answer. The keywords/ phrases are Which part and provided shade.
So, we must look for some lines where we can find words/ phrases close to or synonymous with these words/ phrases. Here, the word “shade” gives us the hint that the answer has a close relation to the sun’s heat and protection from it.
Now, skim the passage carefully. In the fourth paragraph, you can find your answer in lines 6-7. It says, “they also included pavellions that sheltered visitors from the relentless heat.”
The part which provided shade is pavellions. The condition for writing the answer is ONE WORD ONLY. So, in the answer sheet, we have to write pavellions.
In this way, we can find all the answers and write them by maintaining the instruction or condition.
7. What type of serious climate event, which took place in southern Rajasthan, is mentioned in the article?
Clues: The keywords/ phrases for this question are serious climate event and southern Rajasthan.
Keep reading from where you’ve found the last answer (paragraph 4). Don’t go back. You won’t find the answer there. At the same time, think about serious climate events (earthquake, flood, volcanic eruption, drought etc.). In Paragraph 5, lines 9-10, says, “southern Rajasthan suffered an eight-year drought between 1996 and 2004.”
So, the answer is drought.
8. Who are frequent visitors to stepwells nowadays?
Clues: The keywords/ phrases for this question are frequent visitors and nowadays.
Keep reading from where you’ve found the last answer. The last paragraph starts with a word “Today” which is synonymous to nowadays. Keep reading. In line 7, it says, “Tourists flock to wells in far-flung corners of northwestern India….. … . ..”.
It means that nowadays the frequent visitors to stepwells are tourists.
So, the answer is tourists.
The answers to questions 6-8:
Now, you can try some other short-answer questions from other Cambridge IELTS books.
You do not need to read every single detail of a paragraph. Just focus on the question and read according to the questions. Try to match the keywords/ phrases of the questions with the passage. Practice the SKIMMING technique to make yourself more comfortable with different question types.