In IELTS Writing Task 2, speculative essays are quite common nowadays. So, it needs proper attention and care. We need to have a clear idea and a setting to write this kind of essays. So, in this post, I’m going to show you how to write any speculative essay easily.
First, look at the title below.
The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring? Use examples and details in your answer.
Instruction for this task:
As you can see, the question is pretty straightforward with a very short scenario or stem. Now, if you follow closely, you will find that the question sentence has a future tense structure. So, the task required for you is to provide your answer in future tense mostly and this is called speculation.
As usual, you have to do a short mind-mapping for this writing. Without it, the writing will be scattered. So, make sure you do a mind map before you start to write.
Think of some future prospects that the 21st century will bring for us. For example, fast work, fast communication, space travel, the supercomputer taking charge, upgraded computers etc. Remember, you cannot write too much. So, just think of 4/5 major developments that may happen in the future. Here, you need not be accurate. Only put your ideas in a logical order.
Include an introductory paragraph and a closing paragraph with two body/explanatory paragraphs. Try to make the introductory paragraph and closing paragraph catchy and smart. This will do the trick.
The structure will look like this:
Paragraph 1: Introduce the topic with some background information.
Paragraph 2: Include two major improvements that you think will be dominant (with examples) like fastest communication, development in work speed, etc.
Paragraph 3: Include one more development that may become the talk of the time like space exploration
Paragraph 4: Conclude the essay with a positive tone, you can compare the improvements between the past century and the present century
Here is an example answer that I’ve made for you. It’s a band 8.0 writing. If you face problems regarding the unknown or difficult words I used in this answer, you will find explanations of the words below the sample answer.
Since the dawn of human civilization, the process of gathering knowledge has been taught to us by nature through various changes. There is ample evidence of changes in the lifestyle of primitive people which have been discovered in ancient caves and grottos by modern scientists. Yet, up until the 19th century, the progress made was quite slow. With the opening of the 20th century, our progress has been so swift that the 21st century will surely take us where none have ever ventured before.
First and foremost, our lifestyle will definitely become faster than ever. I believe firmly that we shall be using some of the fastest ways of communication and warp speed will be available in space. Additionally, our speed of work will increase dramatically as swift machines will save our important time more and more. Supercomputers will take the place of important personnel in imperative places. Computers will work just like a magic wand as the signal through sound and eye contact will be further upgraded.
The breakthrough in the field of cosmology will happen in the 21st century which, I assume, will change the way we think about space. We shall be able to travel from our planet to other planets and the moon at a reasonable price. Moreover, the space journey will not be very nerve-racking as medical science will radically improve the quality of medications.
In conclusion, the world will be a completely different place in the coming century. Though it might sound a bit fanatical to many, we can easily take an example from the past century and compare it with the present one. Therefore, the 21st century will be true as we have watched in sci-fi movies and the progress of human civilization will be incomparable.
This is the end of the answer.
Explanations of important vocabulary:
Dawn= start, the beginning
Lifestyle= way of life
Venture= going somewhere risky
Warp speed= a lightning speed which can only be gained in space
Personnel= important human resource
Imperative= very crucial
Magic wand= a stick from which magical power flows (as in the film series Harry Potter)
Assume= to guess
Breakthrough= a significant development
Cosmology= the study of the origin and nature of the universe
Reasonable= cheap; not costly
Nerve-racking= extremely tensed or worried
Fanatical= Crazy; wild; mad
Incomparable= without equal
Add as much unknown vocabulary as you can. It will not only make your writing look different from others but also increase your band score radically.
I sincerely hope that you have found this post interesting enough and learned a few things. Please, post your problems as comments and I’ll further suggest you on how to tackle the problems.